The protective phase refers to the first few days after injury. You're still in pain and you may have noticeable swelling and bruising in the affected area. The protection phase, the first phase of recovery, can last from two to four days, depending on the severity of the injury. This is the recovery phase of “rest and protect”.
This stage includes swelling and possible bleeding around the affected area. Your body's goal here is to protect your injury from further damage by limiting movement and recruiting supportive tissues to relieve additional pressure. If you have suffered a severe ankle sprain, the protection phase may involve wearing a compression bandage or crutch for a few days and avoiding activities that increase pain or swelling. If you have had a knee injury, the initial protection phase may involve bandaging your knee and having an exam to better understand the extent of the injury.
The next phase of recovery is the repair phase. This happens after swelling or bleeding has subsided and usually lasts up to six weeks after the injury. In this phase, the body is depositing new scar tissue. This reduces the need to protect the injury as the new scar tissue matures and strengthens.
The next stage is the remodeling phase. This usually lasts between six weeks and three months after the injury. In this phase, the body begins to teach scar tissue to behave like the tissue it has replaced. Produces additional new tissue to help strengthen and support scarred scar tissue so you can keep up with the demands of your normal physical activity.
Phase III Restore ROM, improve strength and endurance, proprioception, continue cardiovascular training, should be close. Floyd's pulmonary rehabilitation program is generally a three-phase treatment process. Most people are surprised to find out how their injury and the ensuing recovery period can lead to muscle weakness and loss of stamina. Objective measures of muscle weakness and wasting are commonly observed after injury and surgery within 4 to 6 weeks.
Minimizing muscle loss and strength deficits are important rehabilitation goals set out in your physical therapy program. After the healing process has begun, the next step is to start regaining movement and mobility. The main goal of the repair stage is to gently facilitate the body's return to pre-injury range-of-motion (ROM) levels, or as close as possible to pre-injury levels. Gentle range-of-motion and soft tissue exercises are important to start this stage, so that it does not spread too much or aggravate the injury.
Flexibility exercises can also help prevent the long-term effects of decreased range of motion or function. Small weights can be used during exercises if it is safe to do so, but more intensive strength training is not recommended at this time. Once your range of motion has been restored as best as possible, the next stage of physical rehabilitation is to start regaining strength. Resting during the recovery stage can cause muscle atrophy or wasting leading to weakness and loss of endurance.
In the strength stage, the goal is to minimize these losses and return to pre-injury muscle strength and endurance levels, along with cardiovascular endurance. With the use of weight machines, strength training can be performed safely and accurately, while reducing the risk of aggravating injury or risking new injuries. This is an incredible advantage and makes them excellent tools for rehabilitation. This leads to Phase 5 of the rehabilitation process, which gradually returns the athlete to full activity.
This phase of injury rehabilitation may include restoring coordination and balance, improving speed, agility, and sport-specific skills that progress from simple to complex. .